Turkey resources – Sile Agva http://sile-agva.com/ Sun, 29 Aug 2021 00:55:30 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://sile-agva.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/cropped-icon-32x32.png Turkey resources – Sile Agva http://sile-agva.com/ 32 32 The National Guard fails in the balance of military power https://sile-agva.com/the-national-guard-fails-in-the-balance-of-military-power/ Sat, 28 Aug 2021 10:55:36 +0000 https://sile-agva.com/the-national-guard-fails-in-the-balance-of-military-power/ The military balance on the island remained unchanged in 2021, with Turkish forces in the north 3.5 times larger than the National Guard, according to a report from the Cyprus Center for Strategic Studies released on Saturday. According to the annual report, certain developments relating to the quantity and quality of the equipment and human […]]]>

The military balance on the island remained unchanged in 2021, with Turkish forces in the north 3.5 times larger than the National Guard, according to a report from the Cyprus Center for Strategic Studies released on Saturday.

According to the annual report, certain developments relating to the quantity and quality of the equipment and human resources of the National Guard have had a negative impact.

“These are additional gaps and problems related to reduced service, obsolete equipment, limited economic resources and levels of technology,” the report said.

“If these problems are not addressed and reversed as part of a comprehensive and coherent defense policy to be strengthened, they will further worsen the balance of power between the occupying forces and the National Guard.”

The director of the center, Aristos Aristotelous, also said that the establishment of a drone base in the north created a new dimension in the air threat to Cyprus and security in the eastern Mediterranean.

On the political level, the Turkish action effectively sealed the permanence of Ankara’s expansionist intentions as well as the use of the north as “a stage to display military strength and exert geopolitical influence against the interests of countries in the region” .

The National Guard personnel number around 9,500, less than in the past due to the low birth rate and the reduction of conscript service from 24 to 14 months.

In the north, Turkish forces number around 34,000, the report said, down from previous years.

For every National Guard on duty, there are 3.5 soldiers in the north, while the rate is more or less equal when reservists are added – one for every 1.07, according to the report.

He also said that the equipment of the ground forces was effectively the same on both sides as in previous years, although the occupying forces had higher firepower.

There is no competition when it comes to naval and air forces, with Turkey enjoying almost complete superiority.


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LUN home search service announces start of campaign to attract international investment to Ukraine https://sile-agva.com/lun-home-search-service-announces-start-of-campaign-to-attract-international-investment-to-ukraine/ Fri, 27 Aug 2021 07:43:21 +0000 https://sile-agva.com/lun-home-search-service-announces-start-of-campaign-to-attract-international-investment-to-ukraine/ The LUN New Buildings Finder has announced the launch of a campaign to attract international investment in residential real estate in Ukraine, company co-founder Andriy Mima told Interfax-Ukraine. “We plan to promote Ukraine as a promising area for investment in residential real estate, using our resources. On the websites Flatfy.com and Korter.com, operating in dozens […]]]>

The LUN New Buildings Finder has announced the launch of a campaign to attract international investment in residential real estate in Ukraine, company co-founder Andriy Mima told Interfax-Ukraine.

“We plan to promote Ukraine as a promising area for investment in residential real estate, using our resources. On the websites Flatfy.com and Korter.com, operating in dozens of countries around the world [Turkey, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Georgia, Kazakhstan, the United Arab Emirates, etc.] there will be links to Ukrainian projects on the new buildings website LUN.ua, ”he said.

According to him, the start of this information campaign, which is carried out by the LUN pro bono, was the placement of a huge banner at Boryspil airport at the exit of terminal D which reads “Building sector valued at $ 4 billion. Invest. in Ukraine now “.

According to LUN analysts, the market volume of new buildings in Ukraine is about $ 4 billion per year, of which about $ 2 billion – Kiev with the suburbs, another $ 1 billion – Odessa and Lviv, the remains in other regions.

“Today almost all of the amount is domestic investment, but we want to increase the inflow of foreign investment,” Mima said.

Now LUN.ua provides information about new Ukrainian buildings in two languages: Ukrainian and Russian. According to Mima, English versions will be created in the near future.

The expert added that the attendance of Flatfy.com and Korter.com is about 5 million per month, Ukrainian resources – about 7 million.

“This project is a long-term story, there will be no quick results. This is our initiative for the next five to ten years. This is how we are able to help the country the most – by popularizing national residential projects to potential investors abroad, ”said Mima.

First of all, information about new buildings in Kiev, as well as in Odessa and Lviv will be translated into English. “These are very promising cities for investment in housing for rental purposes. If Georgia is successful with Batumi, then we will be successful with Kiev, Odessa and Lviv,” Mima said.


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Are Afghanistan’s Mineral Wealth Estimates Accurate? https://sile-agva.com/are-afghanistans-mineral-wealth-estimates-accurate/ Wed, 25 Aug 2021 14:47:53 +0000 https://sile-agva.com/are-afghanistans-mineral-wealth-estimates-accurate/ With increasing global demand for rare earth minerals and lithium driving advanced technology, Afghanistan is at the forefront of economic speculation given its famous mineral reserves. In reality, it is not that simple. Afghanistan is gaining visibility with the public for its considerable mineral wealth. The country is located on the Tethysian Metallogenic Belt (TMB) […]]]>

With increasing global demand for rare earth minerals and lithium driving advanced technology, Afghanistan is at the forefront of economic speculation given its famous mineral reserves. In reality, it is not that simple.

Afghanistan is gaining visibility with the public for its considerable mineral wealth. The country is located on the Tethysian Metallogenic Belt (TMB) that stretches from Europe to Turkey, Afghanistan and Iran, considered by geologists to be one of the highest concentrations of metals and minerals in the world.

Filled with lithium, gold, iron, copper and precious stones, Afghanistan is undergoing a new global economic review amid an increasingly global reliance on rare earth metals to produce consumer technology goods, efficient batteries, advanced military hardware and sophisticated computer chipsets.

Other resources found in Afghanistan include petroleum, natural gas, uranium, bauxite, coal, rare earths, chromium, lead, zinc, talc, sulfur, travertine, gypsum, and marble.

Most estimates suggest Afghanistan is home to at least $ 1 trillion in mineral reserves, including what could potentially be the world’s largest source of lithium reserves. The figure is questionable, however. On the one hand, the valuation took place in 2010 at the end of a very successful global commodity cycle.

Other estimates also vary widely. In 2010, a former Minister of Mines valued Afghanistan’s mineral wealth at nearly $ 3 trillion. If the figure is correct, it could potentially be worth more after the global economy recovers.

This is fine on paper, but little is said about the difficulty of extracting said resources. This is because most of the estimates are based on geological studies carried out in the 1980s by the Russians. That’s not to say they aren’t accurate, but modern surveying techniques have come a long way in 40 years.

Afghanistan has seen multiple efforts to extract its resources through several rounds of government tenders, including a major bid from banker JP Morgan Ian Hannam. Most were interrupted due to security conditions.

In 2018, the state-controlled Chinese metallurgical group and the Jiangxi Copper Company secured the rights to Mes Aynak, which is home to one of the largest copper deposits in the world. Mining supply quickly came to a halt after discovering copper deposits were located beneath a UNESCO-protected heritage site and remain in limbo to this day.

A 2019 report from the Afghan Ministry of Mines and Petroleum estimates the country’s copper deposits at 30 million tonnes. An Afghan mining report shared by the ministry describes an additional 28.5 million tonnes of copper in undiscovered deposits, bringing the total to 60 million tonnes, valued at hundreds of billions of dollars.

Other challenges include logistics. Afghanistan does not have access to water and has a limited rail network. Some mineral extractions require advanced technology and equally sophisticated infrastructure, which means that a 2010 US Department of Defense report describing Afghanistan as “Saudi Arabia of lithium” may be bogus.

Lithium is experiencing a global shortage as demand for the precious metal increases globally, especially with the rise of electric cars, which primarily depend on high-quality lithium for their batteries.

More recent reports are vague as to the amount of lithium actually present in the country. A 2018 report from the US Geological Survey reports that Afghanistan has significant deposits of minerals containing lithium, but makes no estimate of how much can actually be found. A joint US-Afghan assessment in 2019 does not discuss lithium at all, even though it does report 1.4 million tonnes of rare earth metals.

The same report describes more than 2.2 billion tonnes of crude iron ore, a precursor to steel valued at over $ 350 billion, in addition to a much smaller gold deposit estimated at 2,700 kg. , valued at $ 170 million.

Similar to neighboring Iran and Turkmenistan, Afghanistan is also estimated to have nearly 1.6 billion barrels of crude oil and 16 trillion cubic feet of natural gas.

Amidst all the mineral and petroleum riches lie much in demand resources necessary for modern green technology. While the United States, Europe and Japan see Afghanistan as an opportunity to reduce reliance on Chinese rare earths, the maneuver would require years and millions of dollars in spending.

While Afghanistan is hailed as a super-mineral reserve, the costs of mining, production and shipping are rarely cited, giving a totally inaccurate picture of the country’s mineral wealth.

Source: TRT World


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KWG Resources organizes a shareholders’ meeting, proposes to divide the shares with multiple voting rights by three and to proceed with financing https://sile-agva.com/kwg-resources-organizes-a-shareholders-meeting-proposes-to-divide-the-shares-with-multiple-voting-rights-by-three-and-to-proceed-with-financing/ Mon, 23 Aug 2021 18:25:07 +0000 https://sile-agva.com/kwg-resources-organizes-a-shareholders-meeting-proposes-to-divide-the-shares-with-multiple-voting-rights-by-three-and-to-proceed-with-financing/ Toronto, Ontario – (Newsfile Corp. – August 23, 2021) – KWG Resources Inc. (CSE: KWG) (CSE: KWG.A) (FSE: KW61) (“KWG” or the “Society”) (“KWG”) has filed proxy documents for an annual and special meeting of shareholders to be called on September 21, 2021, at which management will seek approval to amend the articles of association […]]]>

Toronto, Ontario – (Newsfile Corp. – August 23, 2021) – KWG Resources Inc. (CSE: KWG) (CSE: KWG.A) (FSE: KW61) (“KWG” or the “Society”) (“KWG”) has filed proxy documents for an annual and special meeting of shareholders to be called on September 21, 2021, at which management will seek approval to amend the articles of association in order, among other things, to d ” adjust the share exchange ratio between its multiple voting shares and its subordinate voting shares from 300: 1 to 100: 1 by dividing each outstanding KWG.A multiple voting share into three multiple voting shares of KWG.A. KWG.A Multiple Voting Shares are currently convertible into 300 KWG Single Voting Shares (more commonly known as Subordinate Multiple Voting Shares) and, following the subdivision of Multiple Voting Shares, KWG Multiple Voting Shares. A will be convertible into 100 multiple voting shares of KWG.A. subordinate shares with single voting rights. Conversely, 300 subordinate voting shares of KWG are currently convertible into one multiple voting share of KWG.A and, following the subdivision of multiple voting shares of KWG.A, 100 voting shares of KWG will be convertible into one multiple voting share of KWG.A. Currently, each KWG.A multiple voting share carries 300 votes and each KWG subordinate voting share carries one vote; Following the subdivision of the multiple voting shares of KWG.A, each multiple voting share of KWG.A will carry 100 votes and each subordinate voting share of KWG will contain one vote. Management will also seek shareholder approval for the future creation of Preferred Shares and Special Shares, each in series, upon subsequent authorization by the Board of Directors of the Company.

“This will make our capitalization structure much simpler”, KWG CEO Frank Smeenk said. “KWG.A’s multiple voting shares will continue to allow buyers and sellers of our shares to narrow the market price differentials of single voting subordinate voting shares, but now the mental math for trading between two classes of actions be much easier. “

Financing offered by convertible debenture:

The closing of the first tranche of the previously announced private placement of $ 5 million convertible debentures is slated for mid-September, among other reasons, to allow certain policyholders to have their financial intermediaries use the limits in the account. tax-free savings. The Company had previously announced that it proposed to complete a private placement of convertible debentures at the option of the holder at any time or at the option of the Company after the first anniversary date in cash units at $ 15 each (each a “Unit”) for total proceeds of up to $ 5 million. The debentures will bear interest at a rate of 12% payable in units at maturity on June 30, 2023 or upon a prior conversion. Each unit will consist of two multiple voting shares of KWG.A (as currently constituted; or six multiple voting shares of KWG.A if the proposed subdivision of multiple voting shares of KWG.A is implemented) and one multiple voting share warrant entitling its holder to acquire another multiple voting share of KWG.A from the treasury upon payment of $ 9.60 (as such shares are currently constituted; or into three multiple voting shares of KWG.A at $ 3.20 each if the proposed subdivision of KWG. One multiple voting share is implemented), exercisable at any time before December 15, 2023.

Proposed flow-through unit funding:

In order to significantly reduce the Company’s working capital shortfall, a private placement of flow-through units is underway to, among other things, meet accumulated obligations in excess of $ 2.5 million. The Company proposes to issue up to $ 3.5 million in flow-through units at $ 9.00 per unit, each such flow-through unit being composed of one multiple-voting flow-through share of KWG.A ( as currently incorporated, i.e. prior to the proposed subdivision of KWG.A multiple voting shares; or at $ 3.00 per unit if the proposed subdivision of KWG.A multiple voting shares is implemented) and a warrant to purchase another multiple voting share of KWG.A for $ 10.50 (as presently constituted; or three multiple voting shares of KWG.A at $ 3.50 each if the proposed subdivision of the shares to multiple voting of KWG.A is implemented) at any time within 5 years.

About KWG:

KWG is the operator of the Black Horse joint venture after acquiring a 50% stake through Bold Ventures Inc. which is 10% owned (20% of KWG’s share capital in the joint venture) by KWG financing all exploration expenses. KWG also owns 100% of CCC which has staked mining claims between Aroland, Ontario and the Ring of Fire. CCC conducted a land survey and analysis program to assess the prospects for engineering and building a railway along this route between the Ring of Fire and Aroland, Ontario. Currently, CCC has engaged Cormorant Utilities and Rail-Veyor Technologies to complete engineering proposals for the construction of a utility corridor in the route. KWG also acquired intellectual property interests, including a method of directly reducing chromite to metallized iron and chromium using natural gas. KWG subsidiary Muketi Metallurgical LP is pursuing two chromite refining patent applications in Canada, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey and the United States -United. National phase filings are under review in each of these jurisdictions.

For more information, please contact:
Bruce Hodgman, Vice President: 416 642-3575 ~ This e-mail address is protected from spam. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Forward-looking statements: The information contained in this press release may involve forward-looking statements under applicable securities laws. The forward-looking statements contained in this document are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. The forward-looking statements included in this document are made as of the date of this document and KWG disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, unless expressly required by applicable securities legislation. Although management believes that the expectations represented in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, there can be no assurance that such expectations will prove to be correct. This press release does not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any securities that may be described herein and, therefore, should not be relied on unduly. Neither the Canadian Securities Exchange nor its regulatory services provider (as that term is defined in the policies of the CSE) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this press release.


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A Turkish company with ambitious 10-year space plans: TUA Head https://sile-agva.com/a-turkish-company-with-ambitious-10-year-space-plans-tua-head/ Sun, 22 Aug 2021 13:27:42 +0000 https://sile-agva.com/a-turkish-company-with-ambitious-10-year-space-plans-tua-head/ Turkey continues to work tirelessly towards each target as part of its recently unveiled historic national space program, although some missions like sending a Turkish citizen to the moon will require more time and effort, Serdar said. Hüseyin Yıldırım, head of the Turkish Space Agency (TUA). Yıldırım, who attended the Aksaray astronomy and space camp, […]]]>

Turkey continues to work tirelessly towards each target as part of its recently unveiled historic national space program, although some missions like sending a Turkish citizen to the moon will require more time and effort, Serdar said. Hüseyin Yıldırım, head of the Turkish Space Agency (TUA).

Yıldırım, who attended the Aksaray astronomy and space camp, told the Anadolu Agency (AA) on Sunday that the TUA was taking place under the announced program.

Turkey aims to reach the moon, he said, while another goal is to send a Turkish citizen to space for the first time on a mission to the international space station in 2023. .

“We are continuing our rapid work on this subject. “

TUA is only a 2 year old institution, said Yıldırım, and it is important to keep this in mind as it continues to develop from now on.

Yıldırım noted that at the beginning of this year the Turkish satellite Türksat 5A was launched into space and placed in orbit, and the Türksat 5B is next. Turkey launched its next-generation Türksat 5A communications satellite into orbit from the United States in cooperation with SpaceX in January.

“Both of these satellites were manufactured overseas, but we are planning to launch the Türksat 6A communications satellite, which is produced domestically with around 60% domestic contribution,” he said. The domestic satellite is due to be unveiled in 2022. Türksat 6A is the product of the collaboration between the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure as well as organizations and companies such as the main defense company ASELSAN, TAI and CTech, as well as Türksat and the main scientific body in the country. , the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBITAK).

Turkey also plans to launch its nationally designed IMECE high-resolution observation satellite into space next year.

“These are products under development with a national contribution,” said Yıldırım.

Yıldırım went on to say that the United States, Russia, China, Japan, India and countries in the European Union are generally considered to be the major players in the space industry.

“We need more time and hard work to catch up with these leading countries,” he said, stressing that Turkey has an advantage in creating the necessary human resources on the ground thanks to its large population. of young people.

Turkey established TUA in 2018 with the aim of joining the handful of other countries with space programs.

In a milestone, the country unveiled an ambitious 10-year space roadmap in February that includes missions to the moon, sending Turkish astronauts on science missions to space, and developing viable satellite systems to internationally.

Turkey’s mission to the Moon will take place in two stages. In the first stage, a hard landing will be made on the moon with a nationally built hybrid rocket that will be launched into orbit at the end of 2023 thanks to international cooperation. In the second stage in 2028, a soft landing will be made on the moon which will allow the deployment of a rover.


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Turkish restaurant fire in Washington could be linked to hatred of graffiti https://sile-agva.com/turkish-restaurant-fire-in-washington-could-be-linked-to-hatred-of-graffiti/ Wed, 11 Aug 2021 13:39:57 +0000 https://sile-agva.com/turkish-restaurant-fire-in-washington-could-be-linked-to-hatred-of-graffiti/ WASHINGTON, DC – DC firefighters are investigating whether a fire at a new Turkish restaurant in Dupont Circle is linked to hate graffiti found on the restaurant while it was under construction earlier this summer. The fire started at Cafe Istanbul after 4 a.m. on August 4 and appears to have only damaged the exterior […]]]>

WASHINGTON, DC – DC firefighters are investigating whether a fire at a new Turkish restaurant in Dupont Circle is linked to hate graffiti found on the restaurant while it was under construction earlier this summer.

The fire started at Cafe Istanbul after 4 a.m. on August 4 and appears to have only damaged the exterior of the restaurant, possibly indicating that it started outside. Firefighters say the cause of the blaze is still undetermined and is under investigation.

“A quick response and a call for additional resources minimized expansion inside the structure,” DC Fire and EMS said in a tweet last Wednesday.

Find out what’s happening in Washington DC with free real-time Patch updates.

While the restaurant, located at 21st and P streets, NW, was under construction in June, it was twice targeted with graffiti saying “F *** Turkey” and depicting a Nazi swastika, reported Jackie Bensen of News4 last weekend.

The owner of Café Istanbul provided law enforcement with a photo of one of the graffiti messages he found outside the restaurant on June 14.

Find out what’s happening in Washington DC with free real-time Patch updates.

The cafe had been occupied for the first two weeks of opening, but is now temporarily closed as damage from the fire is being repaired, the owner told News4. The space was previously occupied by the DC Cafe, a Mediterranean restaurant that closed in May.

The Council on American-Islamic Relations, a national civil rights and Muslim advocacy group, on Tuesday called for an investigation into possible grounds for the blaze. CAIR noted that Café Istanbul had previously been the target of hate graffiti. Fire investigators are looking for footage from security cameras of nearby buildings.

“The heinous vandalism that took place prior to the start of this fire is sufficient to investigate with possible bias in mind,” CAIR Director of Government Affairs Robert McCaw said on Tuesday. “We urge law enforcement authorities to review all security camera footage from neighboring buildings. This incident should be treated with the seriousness it deserves.”

Anyone with knowledge of the fire should call the police at 202-727-9099, or tip the MPD at 50411, or call DC Fire and EMS at 202-673-3320.

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Sandal investigates Turkey’s political ambitions and religious populism in new publications https://sile-agva.com/sandal-investigates-turkeys-political-ambitions-and-religious-populism-in-new-publications/ Mon, 09 Aug 2021 15:13:42 +0000 https://sile-agva.com/sandal-investigates-turkeys-political-ambitions-and-religious-populism-in-new-publications/ Dr Nukhet Sandal will bring a freshly published perspective to a course she teaches on Middle East politics this fall after being published twice this summer on her research on Turkish politics. “While our news cycle here in the United States has focused on the pandemic and presidential politics over the past two years, a […]]]>

Dr Nukhet Sandal will bring a freshly published perspective to a course she teaches on Middle East politics this fall after being published twice this summer on her research on Turkish politics.

“While our news cycle here in the United States has focused on the pandemic and presidential politics over the past two years, a lot has happened in the world, especially in the Middle East. I call it a region ‘that never sleeps’,’ ”said Sandal, associate professor and president of Political science at the College of Arts and Sciences at Ohio University. “We need to keep an eye on Turkey in particular, as a predominantly Muslim NATO country that has turned into semi-authoritarianism under the religious populist leadership of Tayyip Erdoğan.”

Sandal will teach POLS 4420/5420 Middle East Politics in fall 2021 and looks forward to delving into the region’s changing dynamics with her students.

“My research on political competition, populism, and foreign policy relates to the dynamics of many countries, including Israel, Egypt, Tunisia and Lebanon, not just Turkey,” Sandal added. “I look forward to having lively discussions this fall with my students on critical topics ranging from the Abraham’s Accords to the recent Iranian elections to discussions of the nuclear deal.”

Turkey’s Aggressive Foreign Policy Investigation

In the chapter of his book, Sandal investigates the factors behind Turkish President Erdoğan’s “aggressive foreign policy to capitalize on newly discovered natural gas resources, an ambitious venture that is causing tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean,” in particular with Greece and other countries which are parties to existing formal and informal arrangements in the region.

Sandal says she became interested in writing on this particular topic after Turkey and Greece came close to war in the summer of 2020.

In his chapter, “Testing the waters, pushing back the limits: Turkey’s ambitions in the Eastern Mediterranean”, Sandal explores the internal and external sources of insecurity that drive Turkey and Erdoğan, including economic indicators, demographic developments, the rise of opposition in domestic politics, the challenges associated with the process of accession to the European Union and concerns about other regional conflicts. The chapter is part of a book titled The new Eastern Mediterranean transformed edited by Aristotle Tziampiris and Foteini Asderaki and published by Springer.

Examining Religious Populism Strategies

In his journal article, Sandal examines how religious populism occupies a prominent place in the region’s global political landscape, in particular how Erdoğan uses Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi (the Justice and Development Party, AKP) as a political strategy to outflank rivals, especially those with relatively conservative ideologies and an understanding of nationalism.

“The AKP, as a religious populist party, distinguished itself from other Turkish political actors and movements, including the secular political establishment, the National Outlook movement of which it was a part, other popular religious movements and political parties. ultranationalist. Each of them have their own interpretations of citizenship and nationalism, ”argues Sandal in his article.

She says popular religious actors around the world – including in Iran, the Philippines and Egypt – compete with other conservative actors through four distinct strategies – one-upmanship, replacement, co-option and securitization.

In the case of Turkey, the AKP assumed a liberal and pro-EU identity to “outbid” secular parties and strive to “replace” traditional Islamic movements that had not quite succeeded. on the Turkish political scene before. Once its power was consolidated, the party leaders secured the rival movement Gülen and declared it a terrorist organization, while joining forces with the ultra-nationalist Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi (Nationalist Action Party, MHP).

“Different political rivals require different strategies for religious populist parties,” Sandal said. “And I wrote about how these strategies were implemented in the case of Turkey.”

Sandal newspaper article, “Populist religious parties, nationalisms and competition strategies: the case of the AKP party in Turkey”, was recently published in Religion, State and Society.

Sandal’s current research focuses on Turkish foreign policy, religion and politics, conflict processes and the dynamics of political competition. She teaches regularly POLS 4590/5590 Terrorism; POLS 4570/5570 Contemporary National Security and POLS 2500 International Relations in addition to Politics in the Middle East.


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Lessons from forest fires in Turkey https://sile-agva.com/lessons-from-forest-fires-in-turkey/ Fri, 06 Aug 2021 21:05:00 +0000 https://sile-agva.com/lessons-from-forest-fires-in-turkey/ Climate deniers should bow their heads in shame. A series of devastating natural disasters have plagued our planet in recent weeks: from devastating floods in China and Western Europe, to scorching heat waves and deadly drought in North America, to wildfires in the subarctic. Even in the UK, infamous for its gray and gloomy weather, […]]]>

Climate deniers should bow their heads in shame. A series of devastating natural disasters have plagued our planet in recent weeks: from devastating floods in China and Western Europe, to scorching heat waves and deadly drought in North America, to wildfires in the subarctic.

Even in the UK, infamous for its gray and gloomy weather, temperatures soared above 34 degrees Celsius (93 degrees Fahrenheit) for six straight days across southern England. UK summers are on the verge of scorching 40 degrees Celsius, even though global warming is capped at 1.5 degrees Celsius. Meteorologists fear they have underestimated the veracity and speed with which climate change would be inflicted on us.

Now Turkey is plunged into Dante’s Hell, swept away by a heat wave from southern Europe triggered by hot waves from North Africa, which spread incendiary chaos across the Mediterranean, enveloping Greece and Italy. Climatologists warn that extreme weather events increase the regularity and hellish intensity of forest fires. Data from the European Forest Fire Information Service shows that three times more fires than usual occurred in 2021, setting 140,000 hectares of land on fire.

From Manavgat to Marmaris via Antalya and Bodrum, the southern coast of Turkey has been set ablaze by forest fires. Turkey’s pristine beaches transformed from paradise to purgatory. Citizens in Darwinian survival mode escaped in boats and yachts.

Heat waves, brutal drought, strong winds, low humidity and dry weather all combined to conjure up forest fires sweeping across southwestern Turkey and flames engulfing smoking buildings. As Turkey is engulfed in ashes, volunteers, villagers, firefighters and the Turkish Disaster and Emergency Management Authority (AFAD) risk their lives and their members, friends and relatives to contain the raging flames many places burn fervently with relentless stubbornness. Thousands of people have evacuated their homes, tourists have deserted hotels, land has become infertile for agriculture, people have lost their livelihood.

Earlier in 2021, Turkey received warning signals from climate change. In May, eastern Turkey faced drought. Rising temperatures in the Black Sea, Sea of ​​Marmara and Dardanelles have caused the deaths of migratory birds like flamingos, bald ducks and black-winged stilts due to the drought.

These raging fires are pushing back Turkey’s tourism sector, already crippled by COVID-19. Villagers carrying water cans up a hill to put out forest fires argued that the government was not doing enough to support them. Many families have lost everything.

The fire rendered their land infertile for farming, growing vegetables or raising livestock, thus destroying valuable livelihoods. The government’s handling of this crisis is criticized. However, he promised financial lifelines, compensation, additional social security and tax amnesties to those affected.

Lessons to learn

Insightful lessons can be learned from these wildfires. Turkey did not have enough firefighting planes. Nature is sending us warning signals: Nations must be better equipped to anticipate such eventualities, prepare contingency plans and have the necessary health, safety, emergency (HSE) equipment and air assets.

The European Union, Madrid, Baku, Tehran, Kiev, Moscow and Zagreb have all deployed firefighting planes to aid Turkey. Such rescue missions reinforce the growing role of rescue and climate diplomacy in an increasingly volatile world.

In addition, Turkish citizens at risk should be offered frequent training workshops on disaster management, emergency planning, fire prevention and containment.

With a lack of resources in areas affected by the blaze, firefighters from across the country have been dispatched to help. The affected regions must therefore be better endowed with resources and equipment. Natural reforestation and replanting initiatives must be given priority.

The most common reasons for forest fires are heat waves or campfires left by careless picnics. However, many have found these fires suspicious. Turkey’s forestry minister said that forest fires that need to be ignited simultaneously without the force of the wind carrying them further raise doubts.

Turkish law enforcement believes that the root cause of these unprecedented fires in remote areas of the country may well be acts of terror, sabotage or arson. The Turkish Air Force is carrying out counterterrorism operations in northern Iraq, a sanctuary for the terrorist organization PKK.

Activists of the PKK, a terrorist organization nominated by Turkey, the United States and the EU, have a historical record of forest fires. Environmental devastation is one of their retaliatory measures. For example, during the expulsion of PKK founder Abdullah Öcalan from Syria in 1998, major forest fires broke out across Turkey, setting fire to forest land and apartment buildings. The Children of Fire Initiative, an entity linked to the PKK, has officially claimed responsibility for the forest fire on Nuce Civan, their online propaganda medium.

Modern reconnaissance satellites and thermal imaging technology can shed light on whether some of the forest fires were arson or terrorism.

Turning

Ironically, stricter forest protection laws in Turkey, such as Forest Law number 6831 of 1956, are more likely to start catastrophic fires. While in the United States, contained burns are used to clean forests of parched leaves and rubble, which start forest fires, Turkey bans them, making larger fires more difficult to contain. Turkey should better integrate forests into urban planning as evidenced by this disaster, forest fires are now reaching a peak of a magnitude where they can endanger urban cities.

Turkey needs an updated national forest program in strategic alignment with sustainable forest management by adopting global best practices. More frequent exercises simulating emergency situations as well as their evaluation could be integrated into broader sustainability parameters.

One of the lessons of the current forest fires in Turkey is that the national forest program needs to be updated to include agriculture, energy, tourism and industry, as all are interrelated. The time has come for a new forest law. The Turkish Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry needs to better integrate forestry into other related sectors such as wood and non-wood products, environmental services and socio-economic priorities.

Turkey is at a turning point. A decentralized formulation of forest policy, which will further strengthen the powers of regional and local entities of the forest organization of Turkey, is long overdue.

From extreme weather conditions in China to Western Europe and the flash floods in London, now to wildfires in Turkey, 2021 teaches us that everything is interconnected. Floods and forest fires are not isolated events: they are the result of multiple feedback loops in dynamic ecosystems. The flash floods in London in July were catalyzed by summer rainstorms, triggered by warm air rising from the Earth’s surface pushed back in the previous heat wave, creating the rainstorm. In Turkey, as we see now, forest fires have worsened due to previous droughts.

Our planet’s climate is complex, integrated, cataclysmic, involving interactions between land, ocean and atmosphere. Climatologists can no longer study part of this system in a vacuum. There is an urgent need to quickly and intelligently integrate atmospheric sciences, hydrology, earth systems sciences or engineering.

Natural hazards are not independent of each other. It takes more than rain to start a flood and more than a spark to start a forest fire. Our climate systems and weather risks need to be analyzed in an integrated and holistic way.

In Turkey and around the world, fire ecologists should organize joint sessions with marine biologists, hydrologists, meteorological services, climatologists and geo-engineers to better conduct risk and impact assessments. This will provide humanity with a broader understanding of the best mapping and mitigation techniques against global warming and its interconnected extreme weather conditions.

As the climate changes, it will get even hotter and fires will increase. Paying more attention to worsening weather events and their multiplier effects must change the way we live our lives in a warmer world. The climate crisis requires us to conduct interdisciplinary research and develop more sophisticated approaches to disaster risk assessment and climate change modeling that include all weather hazards and their complex and ever-changing interactions.

* Freelance writer and international advisor


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Boom in investments in Turkish gaming startups https://sile-agva.com/boom-in-investments-in-turkish-gaming-startups/ Fri, 06 Aug 2021 14:09:57 +0000 https://sile-agva.com/boom-in-investments-in-turkish-gaming-startups/ The first success stories of Turkish game companies Peak and Rollic in 2020 encouraged entrepreneurs and raised investor confidence. Istanbul-based Peak became Turkey’s first unicorn – a term for startups that surpass the billion dollar mark – and hyper-casual game maker Rollic has left a mark on the ecosystem with its early success at just […]]]>

The first success stories of Turkish game companies Peak and Rollic in 2020 encouraged entrepreneurs and raised investor confidence.

Istanbul-based Peak became Turkey’s first unicorn – a term for startups that surpass the billion dollar mark – and hyper-casual game maker Rollic has left a mark on the ecosystem with its early success at just 18 months, prompting investors to take a closer look at gaming startups in Turkey.

Additionally, this trend has sparked the birth of gaming-focused mutual funds like WePlay Ventures.

Investors, startups and talent scouts gathered this week at the event jointly organized by startups monitor startups.watch and Google.

According to startups.watch figures announced at the event, 30 startups received an investment of $ 223.8 million in the first seven months of this year.

Founded by Peak Games alumni, mobile game startup Dream Games took the lion’s share of the investment and alone accounted for over $ 200 million. Other startups have drawn attention with the seed money they received.

This infographic shows the number and amount of investments made in the Turkish startup ecosystem in the first seven months of 2021. (By Adil Girey Ablyatifov / Daily Sabah)

Support for the required platform

The success of gaming startups in mobile gaming has not gone unnoticed by giant tech platforms like Google. Startups export game services to these platforms. In addition, the majority of the market is held by American companies.

Evaluating Turkey’s potential in games, Seçkin Tokgöz, advertising marketing director for Google Turkey, said they estimate the number of users playing games during the pandemic period has exceeded 40 million.

“The fact that Turkey has successful mobile gaming startups encourages all businesses. With the support we provide as Google, we provide mentoring and marketing support to gaming startups. In other words, we encourage (the startups) with the support we offer at the start. We ensured the implementation of the Virtual Game Development Laboratory. This laboratory allows gaming startups to gain experience.

The numbers must increase

Announcing the seven-month results at the event, startups.watch founder Serkan Ünsal pointed out that the successful debut of game startups encourages entrepreneurs and investors, noting that Istanbul is the biggest studio hub. games after London.

“We estimate that 445 of the 533 game startups in Turkey are continuing their way. Some 48 of them have no activity on their website. In terms of investments, the $ 205 million funding Dream Games received in Series A and B is drawing attention. The emergence of startups like Dream Games every year will encourage the ecosystem. After all, we can’t reach these high numbers with just seed money, ”he added.

Diversity of the game

The event also hosted a panel to draw attention to the importance of diversity in gaming startups, including a section where Simay Dinç, the founder of ReContact Games and Woman in Games, met with investment fund managers.

Burak Yılmaz, chief investment officer of WePlay Ventures, one of the investment funds focused on gaming startups, said they had made seed investments to make them more focused, saying they had invested in 10 startups so far.

Yılmaz stressed that the right investment is more important than speed.

“We can say that the short-term expectations of entrepreneurs, including efforts to become a unicorn in a year, are dire,” said Ismet Gökçen, business partner of Ludus Venture Studio. “Unfounded expectations drive startups to make mistakes. It is not fair to go here because hyper-casual games make it easier to invest. As in Finland, a balanced gaming industry is important. There should be startups that focus on games that are persistent rather than those that focus on a lot. “

Yılmaz and Gökçen both pointed out that hyper-casual games only accounted for 20% of their total investment.

Focus on the numbers

Stressing that game studios need to be aware of investor expectations for seed investment, FunMonth Games co-founder Tolga Öztürk said entrepreneurs should be on top of all metrics.

“The investor must provide satisfactory information on the subjects which interest him. He has to put himself in the investor’s shoes and properly assess why he should invest, ”noted ztürk.

Udo Games founder Türker Karahan called attention to the importance of making accurate assessments.

“It is important to give realistic values ​​by doing a serious analysis. At first, the team itself gains more value. When the going gets tough, can the team handle it? The investor must be convinced of the answer to this question, ”Karahan said.

Talent hunters

Working to ensure that game industry startups have the right human resources, Alev Orbay from Kodluzun and Murat Kahraman from Game Factory also shared their thoughts on human resource continuity at the event.

Emphasizing that gaming is almost indistinguishable from product development, Orbay said developers and designers should be the role that decides the game itself.

“Once the general design of the game is revealed, artistic talents are highlighted accordingly. Designers and artists are chosen depending on whether the game is two-dimensional or three-dimensional. The operations team determines the game’s marketing strategy, and the support teams deliver solutions with a focus on finance and the like. We can prepare people with different abilities for the roles that game entrepreneurs need in 3 months, ”Orbay added.

Pointing out that they have brought many game developers into the industry, Kahraman said, “We bring developers into the game industry from many companies in the industry. The most important need is that of human resources.

“Gaming startups have issues, especially when growing their teams,” Kahraman said.

Crowdfunding

Fernvaille, Turkey’s first video game startup funded by Share-Based Crowdfunding, ended its investment round with two records.

The games startup, which is fonbulucu.com’s third campaign to raise awareness of the equity-based crowdfunding system and distribute capital, managed to raise 954,401 TL in pre-demand with 222% additional funding of some 600 investors.

The total demand from investors, who paid the company’s 8.4% share offered to the value of 516,000 TL, was 954,401 TL. Some 36% of the reported preliminary demand came from qualified / institutional investors.

While the startup funded in Turkey’s first crowdfunding campaign met all the requirements of the relevant legislation and received the funds it raised, the investors’ shares were distributed to their accounts with the Central Registry Agency (MKK). Thus, for the first time, the financing system was tested from end to end with the Share-Based Crowdfunding campaign. Investors can monitor their startup investments and transact with MKK’s free e-investor app.

Enis Erdem Yurdatapan, co-CEO of fonbulucu.com, said that accessing finance in Turkey is extremely difficult, especially for start-ups and that they have eliminated this problem with the tools they have developed.

“In fact, a new era has started with Fernvaille, the first games startup in our country funded by the Share-Based Crowdfunding system. 600 investors who invest in a games startup is a lot. In addition, it is gratifying for the industry and our system that more than double the amount required by the entrepreneur is required for financing. Gaming startups will now be able to scale faster by explaining their projects to investors and sharing them with them, ”said Yurdatapan.

Fernvaille Managing Director Gürcan Özgür, who closed the investment tour with great success, noted that they were using the system to reach the funds they wanted very quickly and at low cost, but it was much more important than 600 investors become partners of their companies. . Stating that they will be much stronger this way, Özgür urged all gaming startups that need funding to use this system.


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fires rage in Turkey as anger grows over firefighting planes on the ground | Voice of America https://sile-agva.com/fires-rage-in-turkey-as-anger-grows-over-firefighting-planes-on-the-ground-voice-of-america/ Wed, 04 Aug 2021 15:29:38 +0000 https://sile-agva.com/fires-rage-in-turkey-as-anger-grows-over-firefighting-planes-on-the-ground-voice-of-america/ ISTANBUL – Turkey is experiencing one of its worst forest fires in decades, with at least nine people killed on Wednesday. The Turkish government is increasingly criticized because its fleet of firefighting aircraft is out of order. Tourists and locals use buckets to fill a tank on a van with seawater to put out an […]]]>

ISTANBUL – Turkey is experiencing one of its worst forest fires in decades, with at least nine people killed on Wednesday. The Turkish government is increasingly criticized because its fleet of firefighting aircraft is out of order.

Tourists and locals use buckets to fill a tank on a van with seawater to put out an advancing fire nearby. Lemis Seper, a volunteer, said it was a desperate struggle, especially in areas inaccessible by land.

Seper said the air reinforcements are too weak. She says there are currently fires in too many places in Turkey and crews cannot respond to them.

When more than a hundred fires broke out last week in an area stretching over a thousand kilometers, Turkey had only three leased Russian firefighting planes. This compares to neighboring Greece, which has more than 20 planes to tackle the fires that are also raging on its territory.

A man extinguishes a fire at his house in the village of Semir, near Manavgat, Antalya, Turkey, August 3, 2021.

Local Mayor Muhammet Tokat made an emotional appeal on social media for air support to fight the fires.

Tokat said the state should shoulder its responsibilities and save the people from this suffering. He said begs the authorities to send planes and helicopters to his area.

Turkey’s fleet of around 12 firefighting planes is unfit to fly. The aircraft is owned by the Turkish Aeronautical Association created by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the secular Turkish state almost a century ago.

A technician performs final checks before a firefighting helicopter takes off for a forest fire near Marmaris, Turkey, Aug.3, 2021.
A technician performs final checks before a firefighting helicopter takes off for a forest fire near Marmaris, Turkey, Aug.3, 2021.

Critics accuse the Islamist-born Turkish government of deliberately dismantling the association, an accusation denied by the leaders.

Professor of Politics and Law Istar Gozaydin has written several books on religious affairs in Turkey. She said there was hostility within the Islamist base of the ruling AKP party because the association was initially funded by the skins of animals sacrificed on the Muslim holiday of Eid.

“It stems from a historical animosity. It was a compulsory act on the part of the secular state to confiscate the financial income of these sacrificed animals because the skins have financial value. Today there is still no demands, hostility continues between religious circles in Turkey and the Turkish Aeronautical Association, ”she declared.

Designating a fleet of nearly fifty helicopters, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan insists that there are adequate resources to fight the fires. In addition, Erdogan also said that more firefighting planes from Russia have arrived and that Iran, Ukraine and Azerbaijan are also sending planes.

But offers of aid from Israel and Greece have apparently not yet been accepted.

A firefighting plane from Spain drops water on a forest fire near Koycegiz, Turkey on August 4, 2021.
A firefighting plane from Spain drops water on a forest fire near Koycegiz, Turkey on August 4, 2021.

Two Spanish planes have arrived as part of EU aid. Spanish driver Juan Ramon Martinez Borrego said it will be a tough fight.

“The area is very large. We are talking about thousands and thousands of hectares. And also, one of the main problems that we have is the topography of the forest fires that we are attacking and also the high altitude,” he said. -he declares.

More firefighting planes from abroad are expected, but for some in Turkey it will likely be a bittersweet sight, given that many arriving planes are identical to Turkish planes that remain out of sight. fight.


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