Turkey is a democratic state of law and will remain so: Erdogan

By trend

Turkey is a democratic rule of law and it will remain so, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Friday on the 62nd anniversary of the country’s first military coup in modern history, Trend reports quoting Sabah daily.

Speaking at an event on Istanbul’s Democracy and Freedom Island (formerly known as Yassıada) on the 62nd anniversary of the May 27, 1960 military coup, Erdogan said the black stain on those who sent former Prime Minister Adnan Menderes and his friends to the gallows will never be cleansed.

“With you and our nation, we defeated all attempts against our democracy one by one,” Erdogan said, highlighting the struggle of the Turkish nation against the July 15 coup attempt.

The Gülenist Terror Group (FETÖ) and its US-based leader, Fetullah Gülen, orchestrated the defeated July 15, 2016 coup, in which 251 people were killed and 2,734 injured.

Yassıada, one of the Princes’ Islands located in the Sea of ​​Marmara southeast of Istanbul, is associated with one of the darkest eras in the country’s history, as it is known for prisons and 1960 military coup trial.

The island, which saw the culmination of the 1960 coup, was renamed Democracy and Freedom Island following a recent transformation and the construction of new facilities.

Menderes founded the Democratic Party (DP) in 1945, which broke away from the Republican People’s Party (CHP) which had ruled the country in a one-party system since the founding of the republic and led it to the first multi-party elections in 1946. In the 1950 elections, the DP obtains the parliamentary majority and leads the country until the military coup of May 27, 1960. Menderes is considered the first democratically elected Prime Minister of Turkey.

His tenure saw significant changes to counter the strict secular policies of the previous CHP era that alienated significant parts of the nation, coupled with economic reforms and major diplomatic realignment, including NATO membership. . The DP is considered by many to be the predecessor of the liberal-conservative political movements of the Justice Party (AP) of the 1960s and 1970s, the Fatherland Party (ANAP) of the 1980s, and the Justice and Development Party ( AK Party) in power.

In 1990, the Turkish government said it regretted Menderes’ execution, and his tomb in Istanbul was turned into a mausoleum. As the last Turkish political leader to be executed after a military coup, many buildings and public spaces are named after Menderes as a mark of respect.

The 1960 coup paved the way for future coups and putsch attempts as the military, which long considered itself the sole guardian of democracy, toppled governments it did not did not like.

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Sharon P. Juarez