Turkey will continue to fulfill its obligations as guarantor for Cyprus: Akar

Turkey will continue to fulfill its duty as a guarantor country for the island of Cyprus as it has done so far, Defense Minister Hulusi Akar said on Monday.

“Turkey’s effective and de facto guarantor (role) and the presence of Turkish soldiers in Cyprus is our red and indispensable line,” Akar said at the Republican Armed Forces and Social Resistance Day reception Turkish Northern Cyprus (TRNC).

Turkey will always continue to support Turkish Cypriots in their just cause, Akar said.

“In our work with the TRNC, we could not find an answer to all the proposals for solutions that we put forward,” he said, adding that the Greeks have done their best to separate and differentiate the Turkish population with an “intransigent attitude.”

Greek Cypriots must recognize the sovereignty and independence of the Turkish presence and accept their right to live in security and prosperity, he said.

“In particular, we expect third parties to be objective and impartial on the Cyprus issue, to abandon their strategic blindness and approach events with equal understanding,” he added.

Cyprus is mired in a decades-long dispute between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots despite a series of diplomatic efforts by the United Nations to reach a comprehensive settlement.

Ethnic attacks from the early 1960s forced Turkish Cypriots to retreat to enclaves for their safety.

In 1974, a Greek Cypriot coup aimed at the annexation of the island by Greece led to the military intervention of Turkey as a guarantor power to protect Turkish Cypriots from persecution and violence. As a result, the TRNC was founded in 1983.

It has seen an on-and-off peace process in recent years, including a failed initiative in 2017 in Switzerland under the auspices of guarantor countries Turkey, Greece and the United Kingdom.

The Greek Cypriot administration joined the European Union in 2004, the same year the Greek Cypriots thwarted a UN plan to end a long-running dispute.

Today, the Turkish side supports a solution based on the equal sovereignty of the two states over the island. On the other hand, the Greek side wants a federal solution based on the hegemony of the Greeks.

More recently, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) on Thursday unanimously adopted a resolution that renewed the mandate of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) for a further six-month period. .

The resolution extends UNFICYP’s mandate until January 31, 2023.

The text of the draft resolution was introduced by the United Kingdom.

UNFICYP, one of the oldest UN peacekeeping missions, has been stationed on the island since 1964, with its mandate being extended every six months.

In a statement, the Turkish Foreign Ministry called the resolution “as always, out of touch with reality, unfair and again unjust”.

“He ignores the Turkish Cypriot people and their inherent rights, and also ignores the inhumane and unlawful isolation imposed on them,” the ministry added.

“It is an inconsistent and contradictory approach for the UN Security Council to try to impose a pattern of settlement, which has been tried for almost 50 years and has failed and no longer reflects the will of the Cypriot people. Turkish,” he added. “This approach serves the continuation of the status quo, rather than settlement.”

“References to Maraş (Varosha) in the resolution are also disconnected from the facts,” the statement said. “Turkey will continue to give its full support to the measures taken by the TRNC authorities, respecting property rights in Maraş.”

Varosha had practically become a ghost town as it remained cut off from the world for 47 years. Part of the area – around 3.5% of its total area – was reopened in October 2020. It was abandoned after a 1984 UN Security Council resolution which stated that only the original inhabitants could resettle in the city.

“We once again call on the UN Security Council and the international community to focus on the realities of the island and to reaffirm the inherent rights of the Turkish Cypriot people, namely their sovereign equality and their equal international status. “, he added.

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Sharon P. Juarez