Turkey’s first domestic vehicle, Anadol, has been on the road for 55 years

Turkey’s first domestic vehicle, Anadol, has been on the road for 55 years

It’s been 55 years since Anadol, Turkey’s first mass-produced car brand, hit the road. Rare models, preserved with the cleanliness of the first day, adorn the streets and avenues.

The late businessman Vehbi Koç, who visited the United States in 9, with the letter written by the late Adnan Menderes, the 1956th Prime Minister of Turkey, who wanted the production of a national automobile, addressed to the president of Ford Motor Company, Henry Ford II. He founded Otosan in .

With the partnership of Koç Holding and Ford, Anadol began mass production on December 19, 1966 at the Otosan plant in Istanbul and went on sale on February 28, 1967 for the first time. A total of 1984 thousand 62 units were produced.

Anadol, which has taken its place in the collective memory of the Turkish nation and is an expression of enthusiasm for the national automobile, was produced in two- and four-door sedans, sports, SUVs and pickups and various models in meeting the demands of its customers, providing important experiences and opportunities for the Turkish automotive industry. kazanIms provided.

History of Anadol

Designed and manufactured in Turkey, it is believed to be the first Anadol automobile. However, the design of Anadol was carried out by the British company Reliant (Reliant FW5) and the production was carried out in Otosan with a license obtained from this company. Anadol’s chassis, engines and transmissions are supplied by Ford.

The first Turkish car in terms of design and engineering is Revolution. Before the Revolution (in 1953), there were studies that can be called “the trial in nature” on the manufacture of automobiles, however, the Revolution can be considered the first Turkish structure and even the first Turkish type car.

Although it is claimed that Anadol is the first car to be mass-produced in Turkey, the real owner of this title is a small car named Nobel 200. This car, which is produced under license in many countries of the world; He hit the road with the Nobel brands in Turkey, England and Chile, Fuldamobil in Germany and South Africa, Fram King Fulda in Sweden, Bambi in Argentina, Bambino in the Netherlands, Attica in Greece and Hans Vahaar in India. The production of this small car, which began to be assembled in Turkey in 1958, was stopped in 1961. It remained in production between 1950 and 1969 worldwide.

Otokoç, which was founded by Vehbi Koç in 1928, became the representative of Ford Motor Company in 1946, and after 1954 began to meet with representatives of Ford to produce a car in Turkey. In 1956, Vehbi Koç received a letter from then Prime Minister Adnan Menderes and went to Henry Ford II with Bernar Nahum and Kenan İnal. These contacts worked and it was decided to cooperate. In 1959, the Koç group founded Otosan. Assembly of Ford trucks began in Otosan.

In 1963, while Bernar Nahum and Rahmi Koç were at the Izmir Fair, an Israeli-made fiberglass vehicle caught their eye. This method, very cheap compared to the production of sheet metal moulds, encouraged Vehbi Koç to embark on domestic automobile production. Designed by the partnership of Koç Holding and Ford, Anadol was designed by the British company Reliant, and the chassis and engines supplied by Ford were used in the vehicle. The production of Anadol began on December 19, 1966, it was first exhibited on January 1, 1967, and its sale began on February 28, 1967.

The name Anadol comes from the word Anadolu and was selected among Anadolu, Anadol and Koç, which reached the final following the opening of the name competition and Otosan Automobile Industry A.Ş. began to be produced at the Istanbul plant. The emblem of Anadol symbolizes one of the deer statues of the Hittites. The production of Anadol, which continued from 1966 to 1984, was stopped in 1984, instead the production of Ford Taunus, which was discontinued worldwide under the license of Ford Motor Company, was started , but production of Otosan 500 and 600D pickups continued until 1991. Today, it continues production of Ford light commercial vehicles at its new Gölcük facility under license from Otosan Ford Motor Company and exports Ford Motor Company licensed automobiles in many countries, especially the European Union.

Although the production of Anadol began on December 19, 1966, the approval of the “Certificate of Competence” and the “Regulations indicating the technical conditions for the manufacture, modification and assembly of vehicles”, which are required for the sale and traffic registration, were obtained from the Chamber of Mechanical Engineers on February 28, 1967. and sales of Anadol commenced after that date.

The first models of Anadol were designed by British Reliant and Ogle Design. Ford engines are also used as Anadol engines, the body of which is made of fiberglass and polyester in all models. The first engine used was the 1200 cc Kent engine from Ford’s Cortina model.

Anadol, which went on sale in December 1966, was sold in 1984 thousand units until its production was stopped in 87. The few remaining copies are considered classics today and are kept and used by passionate. Moreover, it is still used in the small towns of Anatolia, from where it takes its name, with its shape cut in the middle and made of vans. Moreover, the British made an effort to produce the same Anadol in New Zealand, and today Anadol is used on an island belonging to New Zealand.

This technology was used around the world, as the hull was made of fiberglass, spreading negative rumors for its hood, causing rumors that it was eaten by oxen, goats and donkeys.

Sharon P. Juarez